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Timeline of events under "Military operations" issue

14 August 2006

 

Aerial bombing by Sri Lankan air force kills an estimated 61 children at a school in Mullaitivu. The Sri Lankan government justifies the attack on the basis that the alleged 'orphanage' is a training camp for child soldiers.

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8 August 2006

 

Government troops reopens the Maavilaru sluice gates.

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14 March 2003

 

The LTTE threatens to pull out of peace talks following the sinking of one of their vessels by the Sri Lankan navy.

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22 November 1999

 

Artillery shells hits Madhu Church in the northern Vanni region killing forty-two and injuring sixty more. The battle was fought around the religious shrine in which a large number of IDPs were known to be seeking refuge. Each side blamed the other for the attack.

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17 September 1999

 

Sri Lankan air force bomb areas of Mullaitivu killing 21 civilians.

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March 1999

 

The army begins the first phase of Operation Ranagosa (or 'Battle Cry'), and fighting shifts to the southwestern Vanni region, where the army made substantial territorial gains.

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December 1998

 

The Sri Lankan army launches a new offensive and advances northeast-ward into the area around Oddusuddan, displacing some 12,000 people, some forcibly.

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3 July 1998

 

In the first criminal prosecution of its type, the Colombo High Court sentenced to death six soldiers and a reserve policeman found guilty of the September 1996 murders of Jaffna schoolgirl Krishanthy Kumarasamy and her mother, teenage brother and neighbour.

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13 May 1997

 

Thousands are displaced when the military forces launch a massive operation in the northern Vanni region for control of a key highway that would give it land access to the former LTTE stronghold of Jaffna. The operation is codenamed Jayasikuru or 'Victory Assured'.

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5 December 1995

 

The 'Operation Riviresa' military campaign concludes with the taking of Jaffna from the LTTE.

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17 October 1995

 

Government security forces commence 'Operation Riviresa' in the North.

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9 July 1995

 

Government commences operation 'Leap Forward' from Arali point in Jaffna. The offensive continues for seven days. 127 square kilometers were captured, but troops later withdraw to Palaly.

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19 April 1995

LTTE attacks a naval installation, results in resumption of hostilities and collapse of peace talks. LTTE resumes bombing campaign. Government launches major offensive.

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June 1991

 

New wave of fighting breaks out between government troops and the LTTE in what is dubbed as ‘Eelam War II’.

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January 1990

 

The LTTE takes over areas vacated by the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in the North and East. Violence between the Sri Lankan army and the LTTE escalates.

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